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dih spo z bl
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part of speech: adjective
definition: meant to be thrown out after use.
She used disposable cups and plates for the birthday party.
derivations: disposably (adv.), disposability (n.), disposableness (n.)
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The word disposable contains the following parts:
dis- Latin prefix that means not; apart; reverse, negate
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The prefix dis- occurs in English attached to Latin roots, as in dissent , but also forms words in English by attaching to verbs (dishearten) and nouns (disbelief ). dis- has two other forms, as the "s" sound in dis- assimilates to the initial sound of the base to which it is attached. See the assimilated forms dif- and di-3.
de-, un-
-able, -ible, -ble Latin adjective-forming suffix that means capable of being, doing, or undergoing
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The suffix -able , and its variants, is attached to Latin verb roots or English transitive verbs to form adjectives. (In a small set of cases, -able is attached to a noun, e.g. knowledgeable and marriageable.) For spelling purposes, it is useful to know that -able is more likely to be added to a whole English word (comparable, adorable ), while -ible is more likely to follow a bound root (visible , legible ). However,there are still many words which combine a root with -able (capable , inevitable ). The suffix -ity can be added to any adjective ending in -able , -ible , -ble to produce a corresponding noun ending in -ability, -ibility, -bility (possible + -ity > possibility; irrevocable + -ity > irrevocability.)