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ab·sence

absence

 
 
pronunciation:
aeb sns
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: noun
definition 1: the fact or condition of being away or not present.
After John's third absence, the teacher called his father.An old proverb says, "absence makes the heart grow fonder."
antonyms:
attendance, presence
similar words:
leave, truancy
definition 2: a length of time of being away.
After an absence of two weeks, the neighbors returned from their beach trip.
similar words:
leave
definition 3: the state of not having; lack.
I noticed the absence of games and toys in the little girl's room.
synonyms:
lack
similar words:
need, want
Word Parts  About this feature
The word absence contains the following parts:
ab-, abs- Latin prefix that means from, away from
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Most words containing the prefix ab- , abs- are Latin loanwords, so the bases are Latin roots. ab- becomes abs- before bases beginning with "t," such as "tract."
-ance, -ence, -ency, -ancy Latin noun-forming suffix that means state, quality, or act of
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The suffix group -ance , -ence , -ency , -ancy attaches to verbs and Latin verb stems to create nouns. The suffix -ance is usually attached to whole English words, whereas -ence is usually attached to roots: compare eloquence and acceptance . For most nouns ending in -ance , -ence , -ency , -ancy , there is a correponsponding adjective form ending in -ant, -ent.