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an·te·ced·ent

antecedent

 
 
pronunciation:
aen t si dnt
features:
Word Parts
part of speech: noun
definition: the word or group of words that a pronoun refers to. In "The girls ate their dessert first," "girls" is the antecedent of "their."
derivation: antecedently (adv.)
Word Parts  About this feature
The word antecedent contains the following parts:
ante- Latin prefix that means before
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synonyms:
pro-2, pre-
antonyms:
post-
 
ced, ces, -ceed, -cede, -cess Latin root that means to go; to go back or yield
-ant, -ent Latin adjective- and noun-forming suffix that means (in adjectives) doing the action denoted by the verb root; (in nouns) one who or that which does the action denoted by the verb root.
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The suffix -ant , -ent forms adjectives and, to a much lesser extent, nouns from Latin verb stems such as fid in confident and stud in student . This suffix is the equivalent in Latin of the "-ing" inflection in English. Many adjectives ending in -ant , -ent have a corresponding noun ending in -ance, -ence, -ancy, -ency.